Art, which wishes to create an accurate reflection of reality. A phase in 19th-century French art. Leading French artists in the mid-19th century, such as Gustave Courbet, rejected Romanticism's idealistic tendencies, focusing instead on the portrayal of their immediate surroundings, on the basis of both social and visual ideas. Their quest for detailed, accurate and sober representation took place in conjunction with the development of photography. Inspired to some degree by French Realism, the art of most countries during the 19th century involves a Realistic phase.